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The Practitioner Lens

The skills defined under the Practitioner Lens are the skills that will enable a digital curation professional to plan and execute a variety of technical tasks, both individually and as part of a multi-disciplinary team. This includes understanding diverse issues relating to both digital curation in general, and to their specific area of cultural heritage.

Schematic diagram showing the skill domains and subdomains defined by the DigCurV framework for cultural sector practitioners.

Download a quick reference to the DigCurV Practitioner Lens by clicking above.

+Knowledge and Intellectual Abilities (KIA)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of practitioners to demonstrate knowledge and competency in specific areas of digital curation. A key component of this knowledge is the application of digital curation to the cultural heritage sector.

Subdomain Skill Requirement
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
Subject Knowledge KIA1.1 Understands subject-specific knowledge and definitionsFor example:
DCC guide to digital curation terminology
KIA1.6 Understands fundamental digital curation principles including lifecyclesFor example:
DCC curation lifecycle model
KIA1.7 Understands designated community
KIA1.8 Is able to select appropriate technological solutions
KIA1.9 Is able to apply appropriate technological solutions
KIA1.10 Is able to develop a professional network for support
KIA1.12 Is aware of digital preservation standards
KIA1.13 Understands digital curation and preservation terminologyFor example:
DCC curation lifecycle model
DCC DC101 training modules
OAIS Reference Model
PLATO preservation planning
KIA1.15 Understands information technology definitions and skillsFor example:
Emulation technology
Migration technology
Data models
File format specifications
KIA1.16 Is able to select and and apply digital curation and preservation techniquesFor example:
DPC technology watch reports
KIA1.17 Understands scope of own role within institutional context
Selection/Appraisal KIA2.3 Is able to articulate the benefits and long-term value of collectionsFor example:
DCC how to appraise and select research data for curation
NERC data value checklist
Engaging with different user communities such as scientists, artists, and the public
KIA2.5 Understands information- and records-management principles
KIA2.6 Understands institutional policies, including criteria for selection/appraisalFor example:
Archaeology Data Service collections policy
Full collections versus forgetting (active digital objects not selected)
KIA2.7 Is able to plan application of selection/appraisal criteria to collections
Evaluation Studies KIA3.3 Is able to conduct user needs analysisFor example:
Design and deployment of questionnaires
KIA3.4 Is able to continuously monitor and evaluate digital curation technologiesFor example:
Use of watch services to check for obsolete technology
Ensuring virtualisation tools have long-term stability
KIA3.6 Is able to conduct usability evaluationFor example:
Design and planning of evaluation methods
Techniques for gathering feedback from users
KIA3.7 Is able to prioritise curation activities based on value of digital objects and the risks facing them
Information Skills KIA4.1 Understands information-seeking strategies, access technologies and user sharing behaviours
KIA4.2 Understands how to support information access and sharingFor example:
Query languages such as SQL
Publishing data via the Web
KIA4.3 Is able to deploy appropriate information seeking strategiesFor example:
Use of search engines
KIA4.4 Understands key metadata standards for sector/subjectFor example:
PREMIS
Dublin Core
BioSharing
METS
BagIT
LMER
ISAD(G)
Spectrum
MARC
EAD
RAD
MADS
DCC standards watch papers
DCC discipline-specific metadata resource
KIA4.5 Is able to select metadata standardsFor example:
PREMIS
Dublin Core
BioSharing
METS
BagIT
LMER
ISAD(G)
Spectrum
MARC
EAD
RAD
MADS
Metadata stored in file formats such as .doc and .jpg
DCC standards watch papers
DCC discipline-specific metadata resource
KIA4.6 Is able to apply metadata standardsFor example:
PREMIS
Dublin Core
BioSharing
METS
BagIT
LMER
ISAD(G)
Spectrum
MARC
EAD
RAD
MADS
Metadata stored in file formats such as .doc and .jpg
DCC standards watch papers
DCC discipline-specific metadata resource
KIA4.7 Understands relationship between appropriate controlled vocabularies and metadata standards
Data Skills KIA5.1 Understands data structures and typesFor example:
Textual and non-textual digital objects
Complex digital objects
Authenticity and data integrity checking such as MD5 checksums
Lists, tables, and relational data
KIA5.2 Understands file types, applications and systemsFor example:
Document files such as .pdf, Microsoft Office (.doc, .ppt, .dock, .els) and Open Office (.dot, .odp)
Audio and video container formats such as .mp3, .avi, .ogg, Quicktime, .mpg, .mp4, .wav
Audio and video streams such as subtitles, audio tracks, video tracks
CAD formats
Image formats such as .jpg, .gif, .png. .svg
KIA5.3 Understands database types and structuresFor example:
Lists, tables, and relational data
Query languages such as SQL
DBXML
SIARD
Entity-relationship modelling
KIA5.4 Is able to execute analysis of and forensic procedures in digital curationFor example:
PRONOM
DROID
Library of Congress directory of digital formats
Technical metadata extraction practice and tools such as JHOVE
Technical metadata extraction practice and tools such as JHOVE2
National Library of New Zealand metadata extractor
Apache Tika

+Personal Qualities (PQ)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of practitioners to interact and collaborate with other relevant stakeholders in digital curation activities. A key component of this knowledge is the ability to communicate with fellow professionals, colleagues in other departments, staff from external institutions, and members of the public.

Subdomain Skill Requirement
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
Integrity PQ1.1 Is able to apply responsibility, accountability and good practice in digital curationFor example:
Ensure evaluation of preservation action results
Respect defined roles in digital curation processes
PQ1.5 Is able to identify malpracticeFor example:
Validation of provenance and authenticity information for objects
Detection of fraudulent changes on objects in the archives
Communication and Advocacy Skills PQ2.1 Is able to communicate across domains, staff groups and with other relevant communitiesFor example:
Knowledge of discipline-specific vocabulary
Ability to adapt between different vocabularies
PQ2.2 Is able to articulate importance of digital curation to peers, other staff and publicFor example:
Providing information in commonly-used languages
Producing management summaries
PQ2.8 Is able to engage with wider digital curation community
PQ2.9 Understands communication protocols for designated communityFor example:
Familiarity with organisation of institution and relevant bodies, boards, forms, etc.
Responsiveness to Change PQ3.4 Is able to cultivate and maintain relationships with other relevant sources of information in digital curation (individuals/services/institutions)
PQ3.8 Is able to maintain continuous awareness of emerging developments in digital curationFor example:
Perform horizon scanning
Engaging with lifelong learning
ITU technology watch papers
DCC technology watch papers
DPC technology watch papers
PQ3.9 Is able to translate current digital curation knowledge into new services and toolsFor example:
Adapting to new technologies such as new rendering environments, new formats, etc.

+Professional Conduct (PC)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of practitioners to conduct themselves within the ethical and legal frameworks that regulate digital curation as a profession.

Subdomain Skill Requirement
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
Regulatory Requirements PC1.1 Understands legal frameworks in which digital curation is taking placeFor example:
National and international frameworks for data protection
National and international frameworks for freedom of information
Moral rights
Copyright policies and legislation for digital objects
Copyright policies and legislation for digital objects
IPR policies and legislation for digital objects
National copyright laws, and EU copyright legislation
Web2Rights
PC1.2 Understands domain policies and standards for management and preservation of digital objectsFor example:
Legal deposit law
Regulatory Compliance PC2.1 Understands institution's legal culpabilities in digital curation activity
PC2.3 Understands how to contribute to institutional regulatory framework in which digital repositories operate
PC2.4 Is able to apply appropriate actions to curation workflow to ensure compliance with legal and policy frameworks and relevant standardsFor example:
Storage policy
Media refreshment policy
PC2.5 Is able to select and apply validation techniques to detect policy infringementFor example:
Copyright infringement detection
Ethics, Principles and Sustainability PC3.1 Understands social and ethical responsibility in digital curation
PC3.2 Understands energy consumption and carbon footprint of digital curation activity
PC3.3 Is able to embed principles of ethical conduct throughout institutional policies (including those affecting curation activity)

+Management and Quality Assurance (MQA)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of practitioners to plan, execute, and monitor digital curation activities as part of project groups or larger programmes of work.

Subdomain Skill Requirement
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
Risk Management MQA1.3 Is able to apply risk management practice, techniques and standards to digital curation activities within institutional risk management contextFor example:
UK National Archives risk assessment handbook
MQA1.4 Is able to assess, analyse, monitor and communicate risksFor example:
ISO Risk Management 31000
SPOT
Audit and Certification MQA2.8 Understands audit of curation functions
MQA2.9 Understands certification of repositories or programmes
MQA2.10 Is able to maintain documentation in preparation for audit process
Resource Management MQA3.13 Understands creation, management and monitoring of project plans
MQA3.14 Is able to undertake project management activities and innovative practicesFor example:
PRINCE2
Project and network plans
MQA3.15 Understands data management requirementsFor example:
DAF
DM Vitals
MQA3.16 Understands how to produce relevant information to support decision-making
MQA3.17 Is able to deal with data curation challenges through structured planningFor example:
CARDIO
MQA3.18 Understands project management concepts and techniques

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