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The Manager Lens

The skills defined under the Manager Lens are the skills that will enable a digital curation professional to plan and monitor execution of digital curation projects, to recruit and support project teams, and to liaise with a range of internal and external contacts within the cultural heritage sector.

Schematic diagram showing the skill domains and subdomains defined by the DigCurV framework for cultural sector managers.

Download a quick reference to the DigCurV Manager Lens by clicking above.

+Knowledge and Intellectual Abilities (KIA)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of managers to demonstrate knowledge and competency in specific areas of digital curation. A key component of this knowledge is the application of digital curation to the cultural heritage sector.

Subdomain Skill Requirement
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
Subject Knowledge KIA1.1 Understands subject-specific knowledge and definitionsFor example:
DCC guide to digital curation terminology
KIA1.2 Is aware of relevance of, and need for, digital curation activity within subject contextFor example:
Digital curation for the Wellcome Collection
KIA1.5 Is able to scope the boundaries for digital curation at institution
KIA1.6 Understands fundamental digital curation principles including lifecyclesFor example:
DCC curation lifecycle model
KIA1.7 Understands designated community
KIA1.8 Is able to select appropriate technological solutions
KIA1.10 Is able to develop a professional network for support
KIA1.11 Is aware of digital curation tools (at high level)For example:
Library of Congress digital preservation tools and resources directory
KIA1.12 Is aware of digital preservation standards
KIA1.13 Understands digital curation and preservation terminologyFor example:
DCC curation lifecycle model
DCC DC101 training modules
OAIS Reference Model
PLATO preservation planning
KIA1.14 Understands scope of team responsibilities within institution
KIA1.17 Understands scope of own role within institutional context
Selection/Appraisal KIA2.2 Is able to articulate information- and records-management principles
KIA2.3 Is able to articulate the benefits and long-term value of collectionsFor example:
DCC how to appraise and select research data for curation
NERC data value checklist
Engaging with different user communities such as scientists, artists, and the public
KIA2.4 Is able to contribute to institutional policies, including criteria for selection/appraisal
Evaluation Studies KIA3.3 Understands how to conduct user needs analysisFor example:
Design and deployment of questionnaires
KIA3.4 Is able to continuously monitor and evaluate digital curation technologiesFor example:
Use of watch services to check for obsolete technology
Ensuring virtualisation tools have long-term stability
KIA3.5 Is able to monitor and assess needs of designated community
Information Skills KIA4.1 Understands information-seeking strategies, access technologies and user sharing behaviours
KIA4.4 Is aware of key metadata standards for sector/subjectFor example:
PREMIS
Dublin Core
BioSharing
METS
BagIT
LMER
ISAD(G)
Spectrum
MARC
EAD
RAD
MADS
DCC standards watch papers
DCC discipline-specific metadata resource
KIA4.5 Is able to select metadata standardsFor example:
PREMIS
Dublin Core
BioSharing
METS
BagIT
LMER
ISAD(G)
Spectrum
MARC
EAD
RAD
MADS
Metadata stored in file formats such as .doc and .jpg
DCC standards watch papers
DCC discipline-specific metadata resource
KIA4.7 Understands relationship between appropriate controlled vocabularies and metadata standards
Data Skills KIA5.1 Is aware of data structures and typesFor example:
Textual and non-textual digital objects
Complex digital objects
Authenticity and data integrity checking such as MD5 checksums
Lists, tables, and relational data
KIA5.2 Is aware of file types, applications and systemsFor example:
Document files such as .pdf, Microsoft Office (.doc, .ppt, .dock, .els) and Open Office (.dot, .odp)
Audio and video container formats such as .mp3, .avi, .ogg, Quicktime, .mpg, .mp4, .wav
Audio and video streams such as subtitles, audio tracks, video tracks
CAD formats
Image formats such as .jpg, .gif, .png. .svg

+Personal Qualities (PQ)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of managers to interact and collaborate with other relevant stakeholders in digital curation activities. A key component of this knowledge is the ability to communicate with fellow professionals, colleagues in other departments, staff from external institutions, and members of the public.

Subdomain Skill Requirement
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
Integrity PQ1.1 Is able to apply responsibility, accountability and good practice in digital curationFor example:
Ensure evaluation of preservation action results
Respect defined roles in digital curation processes
PQ1.3 Is able to make transparent decisions
PQ1.5 Is able to identify malpracticeFor example:
Validation of provenance and authenticity information for objects
Detection of fraudulent changes on objects in the archives
Communication and Advocacy Skills PQ2.1 Is able to communicate across domains, staff groups and with other relevant communitiesFor example:
Knowledge of discipline-specific vocabulary
Ability to adapt between different vocabularies
PQ2.2 Is able to articulate importance of digital curation to peers, other staff and publicFor example:
Providing information in commonly-used languages
Producing management summaries
PQ2.3 Is able to articulate value of collections to peers, other staff and public
PQ2.4 Is able to make case for funding of digital curation activityFor example:
KRDS toolkit
espida resources
PQ2.5 Is able to manage and foster stakeholder relationships
PQ2.6 Is able to plan and deliver dissemination activities
PQ2.7 Is able to make case for staff training and development
PQ2.8 Is able to engage with wider digital curation community
Responsiveness to Change PQ3.4 Is able to cultivate and maintain relationships with other relevant sources of information in digital curation (individuals/services/institutions)
PQ3.5 Understands value of new and emerging digital curation technologies and processes
PQ3.6 Is able to translate knowledge of technology and processes into services and tools for needs of designated community
PQ3.7 Is able to assess, extend and generate digital curation models for cultural heritage domain

+Professional Conduct (PC)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of managers to conduct themselves within the ethical and legal frameworks that regulate digital curation as a profession.

Subdomain Skill Requirement
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
Regulatory Requirements PC1.1 Understands legal frameworks in which digital curation is taking placeFor example:
National and international frameworks for data protection
National and international frameworks for freedom of information
Moral rights
Copyright policies and legislation for digital objects
Copyright policies and legislation for digital objects
IPR policies and legislation for digital objects
National copyright laws, and EU copyright legislation
Web2Rights
PC1.2 Is aware of domain policies and standards for management and preservation of digital objectsFor example:
Legal deposit law
Regulatory Compliance PC2.1 Understands institution's legal culpabilities in digital curation activity
PC2.3 Understands how to contribute to institutional regulatory framework in which digital repositories operate
PC2.4 Is able to apply appropriate actions to curation workflow to ensure compliance with legal and policy frameworks and relevant standardsFor example:
Storage policy
Media refreshment policy
PC2.5 Is aware of how to select and apply validation techniques to detect policy infringementFor example:
Copyright infringement detection
Ethics, Principles and Sustainability PC3.1 Understands social and ethical responsibility in digital curation
PC3.2 Understands energy consumption and carbon footprint of digital curation activity
PC3.4 Is able to adhere to principles of ethical conductFor example:
Managing sensitive data in a responsible manner
PC3.5 Is able to evaluate and treat employees fairly

+Management and Quality Assurance (MQA)

Skills in this domain relate to the ability of managers to plan, execute, and monitor digital curation activities as part of project groups or larger programmes of work.

Subdomain Skill Requirement
Examples are for illustration only and are not DigCurV recommendations.
Risk Management MQA1.1 Is able to undertake succession planning
MQA1.2 Understands risk management theory and standardsFor example:
ISO Risk Management 31000
MQA1.3 Is able to apply risk management practice, techniques and standards to digital curation activities within institutional risk management contextFor example:
UK National Archives risk assessment handbook
MQA1.4 Is able to assess, analyse, monitor and communicate risksFor example:
ISO Risk Management 31000
SPOT
Audit and Certification MQA2.1 Understands audit and certification standardsFor example:
Data Seal of Approval
DRAMBORA
Trusted data respositories
TRAC assessment framework
ISO 14721 OAIS
ISO 16363 TRAC
DIN Standard 31644
BSI Standard 10008 Legal Admissibility of Electronic Information
MQA2.5 Is able to lead repository through certification process
MQA2.6 Is able to respond to audit report and build new service plan where required
MQA2.7 Is able to prepare effectively for an audit of curation functions
Resource Management MQA3.5 Is able to respond to staff recruitment, training and development needs
MQA3.6 Is able to undertake financial planning, cost analysis and economic sustainabilityFor example:
LIFE cost analysis
4C project resources
MQA3.7 Is able to undertake business planning in line with corporate/institutional goals
MQA3.8 Is able to make sound decisions based on information produced by project team
MQA3.9 Is able to recruit and motivate staff
MQA3.10 Is able to create a team environment
MQA3.11 Is able to plan and implement sound staff training and development
MQA3.12 Is able to make sustainable storage decisions in institutional contextFor example:
Cloud storage, in-house storage, third party storage, and others
On-site or off-site storage
Tape storage or disk storage
MQA3.13 Is able to perform creation, management and monitoring of project plans
MQA3.14 Is able to undertake project management activities and innovative practicesFor example:
PRINCE2
Project and network plans
MQA3.15 Understands data management requirementsFor example:
DAF
DM Vitals
MQA3.16 Is able to produce relevant information to support decision-making

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